Quick Answer: What Is This Sangam?

What does Sangam mean?

a gathering of learned menSangam means a gathering of learned men.

The literature compiled in such gatherings is known as ‘Sangam Literature’.

It is the most ancient literature in Tamil.

A whole time period is labelled after this known as the Sangam Age..

Why these are called Sangam?

The word ‘Sangam’ is the Tamil form of the Sanskrit ‘Sangha’ which means an association. Thus, the Sangam Age refers to the period when bulk of Tamil literature was composed by a body of Tamil scholars and poets in three successive literary gatherings called Sangam.

Who is father of Tamil literature?

AgastayaWho is known as the Father of Tamil literature? Notes: As per Tamil sources, the father of Tamil literature is ‘Agastaya’.

Who was the first Chola king of Sangam age?

Vijayalaya CholaChola DynastyKing and Emperor• 848–871Vijayalaya Chola (first)• 1246–1279Rajendra Chola III (last)Historical eraMiddle Ages15 more rows

What is known as Sangam literature?

The Sangam literature (Tamil: சங்க இலக்கியம், caṅka ilakkiyam) historically known as ‘the poetry of the noble ones’ (Tamil: சான்றோர் செய்யுள், Cāṉṟōr ceyyuḷ) connotes the ancient Tamil literature and is the earliest known literature of South India.

Is Sangam a Tamil word?

Although it is a word in Sanskrit, its etymological roots are in Tamil. The word ‘Sangam’ came from a Tamil word ‘Sangu’ (which means a ‘conch’ in Tamil). … Thus we have the great three Tamil Sangams held.

Who attended the first Sangam?

Later literary works like Iraiyanar Akaporul mention that 549 poets were members of it including Shiva, Murugan, Kuperan and seven Pandya kings. And 16,149 authors attended the convocation. Its chief works were Perumparipadal, Mudukuruku, Mudunarai and Kalariyavirai.

What is the importance of Sangam literature?

Sangam literature is one of the main sources used for documenting the early history of the ancient Tamil country. The ancient Sangam poems mention numerous kings and princes, the existence of some of whom have been confirmed through archaeological evidence.

Is Sangam age important for UPSC?

Such was the age of ‘Sangam Period’ which was lived by three great dynasties of Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas. Going by the trend of UPSC questions asked in prelims and mains, it can be assumed that this is an important topic for IAS Exam. The syllabus of History has three segments and ancient history is one of them.

What are the three Sangams?

According to Tamil legends, there were three Sangam periods, namely Head Sangam, Middle Sangam and Last Sangam period.

How many Sangams were held at Madurai?

three SangamsAccording to the Tamil legends, there were three Sangams (Academy of Tamil poets) held in the ancient South India popularly called Muchchangam. The First Sangam, is believed to be held at Madurai, attended by gods and legendary sages. No literary work of this Sangam is available.

What do u mean by Sangam age?

The Sangam Age refers to the period when most of the Tamil literature was composed by a body of Tamil scholars and poets in three successive literary gatherings called Sangam. The Sangam Age spanned from around 3rd century BC to 4th century AD.

How old is Sangam literature?

Sangam literature, sangam also spelled cankam, chankam, or shangam, the earliest writings in the Tamil language, thought to have been produced in three chankams, or literary academies, in Madurai, India, from the 1st to the 4th century ce.

What is Chera Chola Pandya?

Chola, Chera and Pandya Dynasties. The Tamil country was ruled by three dynasties namely the Chera, Chola and Pandyas during the Sangam Age. The Chera Dynasty had ruled in two different time-periods. The first Chera Dynasty had ruled in Sangam Era while second Chera Dynasty had ruled from the 9th century AD onwards.

Who wrote Tolkappiyam?

Tolkappiyar (epithet), the author of Tolkappiyam, which is the oldest extant Tamil grammar, is believed by various traditions to be one of the twelve disciples of Agattiyar. Tolkappiyar is believed to have lived during the Second Sangam and to be the author of the Tolkappiyam that has survived.

Which place is known as Sangam?

AllahabadSangam, Allahabad is one of the most famed Holy Places in Allahabad and is an essential part of the Allahabad Tour. Sangam in Allahabad in India is also a major Tourists Attractions in Allahabad. The actual location of Sangam is better known as Triveni, located on the banks of River Ganges and Yamuna.